Adamawa-Gur-Sprachen im Brennpunkt afrikanischer Forschung(WiSe 15/16)
Fali is a (S)VO language of Northern Cameroon that has been classified as an isolated branch within the Adamawa group by J. Greenberg (1963). Negation is marked by a clause-final morpheme, a typological feature that is recognized as being very common in VO languages of (west-)central Africa, but very uncommon in languages outside this area (Güldemann 2008; Dryer 2009). In Fali, the clause-final element, a particle ɓɐ, does not only signal negative meaning but also occurs finally in affirmative contexts, namely in temporal adverbial clauses and in extra-clausal constituent constructions with Setting and Theme function (Dik 1997: 387ff.).
Particles of a *ɓa form that appear in clause-final position of affirmatives and negatives are evidenced in other Adamawa languages of this area as well. In these languages they do not signal negation (even if their co-occurence with negative morphemes is apparent), but tardative and praecoctive functions of a category that Schadeberg (1990) determines as the category of counter-expectation.
Aim of the paper is to argue for the final particle ɓɐ in Fali as a polysemous element whose overarching function in negative and affirmative constructions is to mark a change of common ground , a function that would be in line with the functional dimension of clause-final ɓa forms in other Adamawa languages. It is hypothesized that there may be evidence for the particle ɓɐ in Fali to have arose as a negation marking morpheme (negator) in a diachronic process that started with a marked negative construction involving a primary negation marker and a clause-final element of the counter-expectation category.
Dieses Video darf in andere Webseiten eingebunden werden. Kopieren Sie dazu den Code zum Einbetten und fügen Sie diesen an der gewünschten Stelle in den HTML-Text einer Webseite ein. Geben Sie dabei bitte immer die Quelle an und verweisen Sie auf Lecture2Go!
Bitte klicken Sie auf den nachfolgenden Link und füllen Sie daraufhin die notwendigen Felder aus, um unser Support-Team zu kontaktieren! Link zu der RRZ-Support-Seite